panelcn.MOPS: Copy-number detection in targeted NGS panel data for clinical diagnostics

Authors Gundula Povsil
Antigoni Tzika
Julia Vogt
Verena Haunschmid
Ludwine Messiaen
Johannes Zschocke
Günter Klambauer
Sepp Hochreiter
Katharina Wimmer
Title panelcn.MOPS: Copy-number detection in targeted NGS panel data for clinical diagnostics
Type article
Journal Human Mutation
Number 7
Volume 38
DOI 10.1002/humu.23237
Month July
Year 2017
Pages 889-897
SCCH ID# 17095

Targeted next-generation-sequencing (NGS) panels have largely replaced Sanger sequencing in clinical diagnostics. They allow for the detection of copy-number variations (CNVs) in addition to single-nucleotide variants and small insertions/deletions. However, existing computational CNV detection methods have shortcomings regarding accuracy, quality control (QC), incidental findings, and user-friendliness.We developed panelcn.MOPS, a novel pipeline for detecting CNVs in targeted NGS panel data. Using data from 180 samples, we compared panelcn.MOPS with five state-of-the-art methods. With panelcn.MOPS leading the field, most methods achieved comparably high accuracy. panelcn.MOPS reliably detected CNVs ranging in size from part of a region of interest (ROI), to whole genes, which may comprise all ROIs investigated in a given sample. The latter is enabled by analyzing reads from all ROIs of the panel, but presenting results exclusively for user-selected genes, thus avoiding incidental findings. Additionally, panelcn.MOPS offers QC criteria not only for samples, but also for individual ROIs within a sample, which increases the confidence in called CNVs. panelcn.MOPS is freely available both as R package and standalone software with graphical user interface that is easy to use for clinical geneticists without any programming experience. panelcn.MOPS combines high sensitivity and specificity with user-friendliness rendering it highly suitable for routine clinical diagnostics.