Generic workflows - A utility to govern disastrous situations

Authors Marina Tropmann-Frick
Bernhard Thalheim
Diethard Leber
Clemens Liehr
Gerald Czech
Editors Bernhard Thalheim
Hannu Jaakkola
Yasushi Kiyoki
Title Generic workflows - A utility to govern disastrous situations
Booktitle Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC 2014)
Type in proceedings
Series Kiel Computer Science Series (KCSS)
Volume 2014/4
ISSN 2193-6781
Month June
Year 2014
Pages 473-485
SCCH ID# 1403
Abstract

Damage caused by natural hazards is increasing all over the world. All countries intensify their efforts to predict and prevent hazard events and to decrease disaster impact. Disaster management is one of the challenging, complex and critical application areas dealing with hyper dynamic situation changes, high velocity, voluminous data and organizational heterogeneity. Successful management of disaster response requires flexible and adaptable solution techniques including very accurate, fast and dynamic activity guidance for supporting of process coordination, decision making and information logistics in real-time. Systems currently existing are mostly inapplicable for this challenging application area due to their almost exclusive support of structured pre-defined processes in a static environment.We propose to use generic workflows that satisfy these complex requirements and that provide support for organizing processes and information flow in disaster situations thereby providing decision support to crisis managers and "first responders". We illustrate our approach in a sample landslide scenario observed in the Austrian Alps.