Considering decoherence errors in the simulation of quantum circuits using decision diagrams

T. Grurl, J. Fuß, R. Wille. Considering decoherence errors in the simulation of quantum circuits using decision diagrams. pages 1-7, DOI, 11, 2020.

  • Thomas Grurl
  • Jürgen Fuß
  • Robert Wille
BuchProceedings of the 2020 IEEE/ACM International Conference On Computer Aided Design (ICCAD)
TypIn Konferenzband

By using quantum mechanical effects, quantum computers promise significant speedups in solving problems intractable for conventional computers. However, despite recent progress they remain limited in scaling and availability-making quantum software and hardware development heavily reliant on quantum simulators running on conventional hardware. However, most of those simulators mimic perfect quantum computers and, hence, ignore the fragile nature of quantum mechanical effects which frequently yield to decoherence errors in real quantum devices. Considering those errors during the simulation is complex, but necessary in order to tailor quantum algorithms for specific devices. Thus far, most state-of-the-art simulators considering decoherence errors rely on (exponentially) large array representations. As an alternative, simulators based on decision diagrams have been shown very promising for simulation of quantum circuits in general, but have not supported decoherence errors yet. In this work, we are closing this gap. We investigate how the consideration of decoherence errors affects the simulation performance of approaches based on decision diagrams and propose advanced solutions to mitigate negative effects. Experiments confirm that this yields improvements of several orders of magnitudes compared to a naive consideration of errors.